How to protect your data from Ransomware
Ransomware is a crypto-malware program that targets files found on the targeted computer system. The targeted files are encrypted using advanced algorithm like AES or RSA and even sometimes both and makes the file inaccessible to users.
Ransomware attacks are growing in a rapid speed and is no where going to stop. As the authors of the Ransomware program have made it possible to victimize millions of users including big organizations, hospitals, businesses and so. And it is no doubt, that they are being successful to their actions and got huge money paid as ransom.
The authors of the Ransomware asks the victims to pay the ransom and they will provide them with the decryption key to unlock their files. But this never happens, they actually fool users by such statements, victims had never got their files back even after paying the ransom.
Here are the list of some Ransomware threats and attacks happened in 2018. Take a look. So you will understand why there is a need to be protected against such attacks.
Ransomware always keen on finding new ways to attack
Having an antivirus program active on your computer is not enough, as the cyber criminals are always finding new ways to target your computer systems without your consent. These are actually intellectual and experienced persons that use their mind in destructive methods to make huge revenues.
Today, individuals rely on their computer system to store important data, work related documents and many other personal stuffs. But is they are fully secured??? The cybercriminals take the advantage of any loopholes, unprotected data, infected network or unsafe browsing to target your system or device and get installed without any administrative permission.
As the technology have expanded so as the cyber crimes…Thus, the traditional way of just having an antivirus for your computer will not solve this issue.
They use advanced techniques and codes that can easily bypass the security of your computer and shut it down, so that no any further detection could be done.
Here is the list of sources through which Ransomware could attack your system and networks:
- Spam email attachments
- Exploit kits
- Infected websites and their links
- Poorly protected RDP
- Freeware downloads, fake software updates
- Ads and pop-ups
- And other social engineering tricks.
This is not all, as the Ransomware have a capability to infect the entire network by dropping Trojans containing the payloads of the actual threat. After the payloads is dropped inside the machine, the trojan program deletes itself and the Ransomware starts to execute.
How to protect your data from Ransomware threat
Once a Ransomware is out in the wild, the security experts starts on tracking its encryption code and if they get successful, then the decryption code is published for the victims for free. But this does not happens every time.
The victims might try recovering their data from shadow volume copies, but most of the Ransomware today deletes the shadow volume copies of the encrypted files, so that the victims are left with no other option then to pay the ransom and get the decryptor tool or code.
But this is not recommended by the security experts as there is no any guarantee that you will get your files back even after paying the ransom.
Another thing you can do is try to recover your data through third-party data recovery tools, but here also you may not get success. As the encryption method used by the Ransomware are too advanced.
So, the best way to avoid losing your data is following a proper protection and preventive measures to deal with ransomware attacks.
Restrict yourself from using open wifi connections
Open wifi connections are not secured and if you use it frequently then you must stop doing it. As it may be infected by used by malware authors to drop infections to your device. Also, keep your wifi connections at your home or work secured with WPA2(Wi-Fi Protected Access 2). This will keep your network and connected devices secure.
Be cautious while browsing
This is most common way through which you can invite any suspicious thing to your computer systems, laptops, mobile or tablets. Avoid visiting infected websites that may sound suspicious to you like continuing lots of pop-ups, fake alerts, adult sites, dating, video streaming and gaming sites. Never click on any link too fast without assuring its legitimacy.
DO Not open any spam mails
We often receive spam mails to our inbox, it is marked as spam because it might contain any infected attachment or link to infected your device. But sometimes, the ransomware authors uses sophisticated techniques to make users believe that they are important mails like any invoice, order delivery, mails containing the logo of big companies offering jobs or so. Please do not open any attachment linked to the mail in a hurry.
Keep your system and software updated
The malware authors always watchful and they leave no any stone untouched find a vulnerability in your system or software, through which they can easily slip inside. This is usually done by using exploit kits that are often inject malicious codes to the unpatched software or system. Thus, it is good to perform regular updates to the software and system, so that it remains up-to date and flaws or bugs could be fixed. But keep in mind to download the updates from official websites only. Do not download any software program or freeware from untrusted third-party websites. Read about Ransomware Protection-New Feature Added to Window’s Defender security Center
Keep a regular backup of your important files and documents
Backup of your important data is the best way to deal with crypto-malware threats. As ransomware could find any way to get through your system and encrypt all your data. But if you have back ups, you don’t have to worry about them, Just remove the Ransomware threat from powerful anti-malware program and then securely recover your data from backups. There are various backup solutions available that can help securing your data. This will not only prevent them from being encrypted but also help you in time you have accidently deleted the file, system got corrupted or infected. The method used for creating backup should not be linked to your system like you if backup copies to any external drive like pen drive then, it may also get attacked by the threat.
So, it better to opt for online backup solutions that are secured with cloud and are no link with your computer or device. These include Google Drive, Dropbox, iCloud and SOS online backup software.
Protect your System with Real-time anti-virus/malware software
Anti-virus program are the first which will fight against any suspicious program or threat that attacks your system. So, do not compromise with that and invest in a good and powerful anti-malware, anti-ransomware protection tool to shield your computer against malware attacks. Also, it is better to have a second opinion like if you have a primary anti-virus actively running on your system and somehow it is not able to detect the threat at the first time, then you should have a second opinion like Ransomware Defender that is capable of detecting any malicious file containing the payloads of the ransomware. It will quickly block it.
Keep your system protected with Administrative password and restrict users’ access
Always keep a strong password for your computer system and other devices, so that no nay third-party software program installs without your permission. And also you can restrict user access controls like if your home computer has many users then make a user profile for them.
By following the above steps you can keep your computer system secure from Ransomware attacks and other threats like Trojan, malware or spyware programs.